Poultices and Nature of Their Uses in The Assyrian Medicine
مجلة دراسات موصلیة,
2013, السنة 9, العدد 41, الصفحة 25-56
الملخصStyle of poultices is considered one of the important styles which the discovered cuneiform texts relevant to the medicine showed its use by the Assyrians in curing and treatment of many disease cases. According to these texts, this style of medication although it represents one of the distinguished styles in the work of physician (Asû) ; it seemed that it was using also by the practitioners of medicine like the priests, proceeded by the (Ašipu) who saw that the disease is made by the gods with their will, they were dominating the demons and evil spirits causing disease on human being who committed ignominious sins against them, or they violated their sanctities, and divinities which they viewed that they lead to the discontent and anger of the gods.
At the time in which those texts showed that most of poultices which the physicians used, were being prepared mainly from medical materials extracted from their botanical, animal, and mineral sources, then that the percentage of the amounts and their types were different as to the difference of the diseases nature and the need of them. Thus, those who are responsible for medication, the priests, used as well-amulets, incantations, and the other magical materials which were aiming at, according to their views, consolidation of those materials to expend the ghosts and demons causing disease to the patient.
Using such kinds of remedy can not be used mostly fixing the poultice on the pain spot keeping it for all the time of treatment.
Moreover, most of those bandages used for this purpose were made either from the cloth or from flax, wool or leather.
The relevant medical texts clarified that the style of poultices was using in the Assyrian medicine for curing various diseases from the beginning of the head until the two feet.
For its importance in treatment, it continued to be used across generations until today. Therefore; we find that many disease spreading out our society are treated by using this style on the medical and popular levels that indicates to its importance and effect positively in terms of curing and megation of pains from which the patient suffers.
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