Volume 4, Issue 22, Autumn 2008, Page 1-216
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 1-36
This research aims at showing the educational conditions in Mosul and the neighbouring countrysides through studying examples from intermediate schools for boys depending on files of these schools which contain vast information about the staff of the schools , the number of the students , the circumstances in which these schools were established and the problems which faced during the establishment and providing the essential requirements , besides the supervisors impressions about the educational process and the way of improving it . All these things together reflect the reality of education during 1958-1968 depending on documents for the first time.
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 37-71
The commercial relations between Mosul and Syria has been characterized as having a high level . Alippo represented the medium of Mosul trade with Kurdistan in the Ottoman time .
The research consists of eight axes . The first section tackles the commercial relation between Mosul and Syria that was known by prosperity and, nevertheless, subject to depression during the royal time namely after 1921 and before 1927 .
Due to the political disputes and turmoils , the ways of land transportion were closed . In the two world wars the commercial relation wit nessed a great improvement .
As for the second axis , it is entilled " Exporting cattles to Syria" . Exporting cattles was represented by exporting sheep , and cows to Syria and Palestine . The third axis tackles smuggling or the so called unwatched trade . The fourth axis deals with the role of Mosul Trade chamber as the most important commercial ring in the development of the commercial activity .
The fifth axis hardles the role of Mosul trade chamber in encouraging importation . The sixth axis handles transporting pilgrims to kaba via Sham .
As for the seventh axis , it tackes the role of the mercantile families in Mosul and Syria , in commerce . The eighth axis deals with the role of the Arabic companies which took Aleppo as a centre for commercial activity between Mosul and Syria including transferring , transportation besides clearance and transit .
Mosul in the books of travelers geographers in the fourth century AH / tenth century approach between Ibn al-Maqdisi and Hawqal
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 73-96
The Islamic Thought wittnest important development in Geography . May Ibn-hauhal- in his book " Surat – Al- Arth " , and Al-Makdisi –in his book " Ihsan Al-Takasim Fi Maarifat Al-Akaleem " are the best sample in Islamic Geography thought . So that this research sheds linght on the conditions of Mosul according the methodology perception in the two books above .
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 97-125
The study tried to recognize the role of mosulian families to orient their children to follow a culture that suits the arabic and islamic community and rejects other forms of foreign cultures . The present study explore the opinion of mosulian families of how to deal with concepts concerning cultural transportation , methods of education , the personal role of parents in educating their children , the sex discrimination among members of the family , the religious principals and the political orientation . The study reached a conclusion that the role of msulian families in cultural development is positive , with the exception of their negative role in political affairs .
The conditions of primary education under the current circumstancesFrom the perspective of the families of pupils and teachersA field study in the city of Mosul
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 127-155
The present study tried to evaluate the primary education under the present situation by taking points of view of the families of both student and teacher the research depends on social surveying style using questioners as a mean of collecting information's . IT was noticed that the primary education showed remarkable retardation under the influence of these situations.
The social and economic impacts of the loss of the father On the family A field study in the city of Mosul
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 157-190
The research aims at knowing the nature of social, economic and psychological problems that widows face as a result of losing the husband.
This situation resembles an absolute result of the circumstances that Iraq (and specially Mosul city) had passed, whether of wars, blockage or even occupation.
The research has reached many results, the most important of which, are :
1. The loss of the fund-supplier (usually the husband leads to many materialistic problems for the widows who are of low-level economic life.
2. and that occupation has increased the percentage of widow cases in Iraq.
Poetic title Controversial communication between the Metn and chandelier read Semiotics in group I fences
Volume 4, Issue 22, Pages 191-216
Our choice for the subtihe (me and the fences) from bushra al-bustany group based on reading to the hole and the careof the subject so we did not read the subtitlewith out reading the core and the deepmeaning of the subject but we are traying to stand on the linden meaning of the subject and the subtitle in the poern of the subject because the subject is the first step insaid the core of the subject .the subtitle is become soo important specialy if the subeject depending on the subtitle and the branch sections of the poems in said the subject .and in order to procces this subtitle wich presented the core the subject we should read the subtitle(me and the fenses ) two different readings
1-reading it throw joninig it in the core of subject.
2-reading the subtitle according to it relation ship with the branch subtitles and fixit in the center france of major subtitle and the subtitle wich tallsing about it