السنة 7، العدد 34، الصیف 2011، الصفحة 1-167
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 1-16
The concern of studing Folk medicine is not more ascientifical matter deserves ones to interest, but also it is societal matter need from us to stop on it ,because it becomes asubject concerning with societies and cultures. The recent studies in the field of folk medicine have been shown that the conflict between Folk medicine and scientific medicine is still continuous ,inspite of the progress and scientifical achievements in the field of medicine.The modern medicine look at disease as a result of physical and pathological causes.or under the effect of some bacterias and microbes. while,the factors of disease according to folk medicine is due to the other factors and look at the human body as acomplete unit not possible to separate from one part to others, while the scientific medicine study the human body through scientifical and technical specialization and the doctors take into consideration the diseases more them the patients.The research contained the diseases,the first one try to search in the historian roots of folk medicine, but the chapter two study the corolation between the folk medicine and scientific medicine,whisper the third chapter concentrate on the future of folk medicine in facing the huge development in the field of modern medicine. The research also try to threw some questions about the natural of relations between folk medicine and scientific medicine,wheather such relation is negative or positives
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 17-40
The research aims at determining the impact of the high level of educational attainment on health development for the staff of the health sector and for those how beneficiaries from members of the community, whether they sick or healthy. The search includes a random sample of (100) Researched: (50) Researched from common people, and (50) Researched from the Mosul medical staff. The researcher used the questionnaire as the mean method to collect information and data on the community under discussion.
The results showed that education has the opposite or negative effects on the process of health development, thus, the more a person is literate the more this reflected on the health of individuals and society, and when the proportion of educated people is low that will reflected on the process of health development negatively
Peaceful coexistence between the neighboring families of diverse cultures (A field study in the district of Tel Kaif)
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 41-60
The research aims to identify the nature of coexistence between the neighboring families and various Thagavadthaohl there is coexistence between them? Or not? It also aims to reveal ways to promote this coexistence.
The research has come to a result set of the most important: that families contiguous and diverse in its culture is keen to instill values that promote coexistence in the hearts of her children through socialization and urging them to accompany the students from families with different than in their beliefs and culture as hay also exchange visits in the events and the other between these families and provide assistance and help them and finally, the neighboring families and diverse in its culture are keen to resolve their differences with some understanding and not to resort to violence and force
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 61-94
The current vernacular dialect of Mosul is the only dialect in which the letter "ق" is pronounced 'qaaf' with no alteration, as in "قال", 'qala'. The dialect uses standard Arabic words which are mainly used by the linguist in their writings, such as the word "غدا", 'ghadan'. The Mosuli terms are characterized by the heavy use of substitution (using a letter instead of another), they usually substitute the heavily pronounced letters with easily ones and more lighter and flawless ones. This substitution however doesn't change the meaning of the word.
Terms and expressions of any dialect are more like the man himself, they give and take, grow, live, develop, expand and die. These terms come into being as an important component of a particular section of people in which specific phonetic restrictions are considered when pronounced. These restrictions include increasing or decreasing the intensity of the pronounced letter, or following a certain intonation when pronounced. This was shown through the data collected from the questionnaire given to the test-subjects, from Mosul community, which was comprised of 60 selected terms. We investigated the way those terms are pronounced in different ancient and modern areas of the city. A 100 randomly chosen test-subjects have participated. The analysis of data revealed the following:
1. There was a difference in the way each word is pronounced by the subjects according to the social and regional background.
2. Some words are pronounced in the same way regardless of the region.
3. Pronouncing the letter "ق", 'qaaf' is a unique characteristic of the community of Mosul.
4. It has been found that there are old terms which are rarely used currently. These terms are mainly used by old people (45-65), which means that there is a difference between the terms used by the old and new generations. The former were influenced by the Ottoman reign and with Turkish civilization.
5. Some young male prefer to avoid certain Mousili terms, particularly the one that involve changing the letter "ر", 'ra' into "غ", 'gha' outdoor or with their friends for fear being mocked by their friends
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 95-120
The God distinguished the epochs and preferred one on other according to what happen in it from benefits and what Allah surrounded it with fruits , If we consider the details of the epoch we find that Ramadan month in priority , It is the better of worlds months , It has Al-kaders night and Al-quraan revealed in it , The Muslims compete the whole world in preparation and arrangements to receive the better of months with foods , drinks , handouts , kinds of ornaments and clothing, each country according to its inherited way , customs and traditions that mixed with happiness , a good omen and delight.
According to what we have from accumulated heritage , for original society combined between originality and modernity as the mosully society , We will talk about cultural elements fulfilled by this society during its long history , in spite of the predomination of the urban life pattern in it generally , and we trace its non-material achievements which embody in the social customs and traditions specific to the blessed Ramadan month , These inherited facts will give us an idea on the manners and ways on which mosully society arrange his social life during the blessed month in all its aspects and different fields.
The researcher propose this study in confession of in the Iraqi people life generally , and mosully society specifically , and in its customs , traditions and heritage there is a lot of plentiful details that needs to research and study , and during the combination and documentation the formula of peoples customs and traditions may contribute by one form or another in conserving it from change and oblivion as an important part of non-material society resource
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 121-136
The Assyrians believed that the main cause of diseases infected was the dirtiness . But who is recently called psychiatric and mind diseases , They thought them caused by demons spirits and jinn . So the methods of treatment varied . They were had knowledge of herbs and medical plants . More than (250) species of herbs and plants were mentioned in the Assyrian king's library (Assur banipal) king was used for remedy purposes , there are another ways One of the most important methods used by Assyrians was their dependence on priests and their dependence on exorcisms by using water , wiping with oil , offering oblations , using fibers , ropes and making magic circles with the incantations and the amulets as well
2011, السنة 7, العدد 34, الصفحة 137-167
This research deals the medical treatments in Mesopotamia for some diseases that attacked man. It consists of three sections. The first section focuses on the medical treatments for eyes diseases like night blindness, trochoma, in flamations, and tumours. Also, it discusses the plants and herbs used for treating them.
The second section is devoted to presenting the ancient medical treatments for various tooth diseases such as inflamutions, caries, and gum tumours and their treatment with herbs according to the experience doctors had.
Finally the third section deals with ear diseases of the ways of treating them.
Ancient medicine was primarily bused on the experiences transmitted across generations in treating diseases with herbs and different oils according to what has been mentioned in the cuneiform texts