Volume 11, Issue 50, Autumn 2018, Page 1-140
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 1-22
The research aims to build a scale of the psychological courage of the students of Mosul University and measure the level of courage they have to achieve the goals of the research. The researchers defined the concept and its fields consisting of seven fields (mental abilities, leadership, self-efficacy, altruism, patience, risk and quality of life and belonging) The research community was consistde from (31550) students In the scientific and humanitarian colleges at the University of Mosul for the academic year (2017-2018) distributed by sex, specialization and grade (all the grades except the fifth and sixth grades in the medical and engineering colleges The research samples consisted of (1391) male and female students. The researchers investigated the Standard indicators of the scale by extracting validity and reliability. After the scale was finalized, it consisted of (50) paragraphs and for each paragraph there were three positions to answer. The researchers applied the scale to a sample of (955) (8) colleges and after correcting their answers, the data were processed statistically. The results were presented and a number of recommendations and suggestions were formulated.
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 23-40
The museum of natural history is one of the most prominent scientific and cultural landmarks, which has an important guiding role for student and visitors about the nature of physiology and dissection of many animals living in the mountainous and desert areas surrounding the city of Mosul the efforts were made to establish it since the mid-twentieth century and and continued to develop its exhibits until 1973.
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 41-60
Professor doctor Ibrahim khalid Ahmad Al-Alaiff is considered one the dirtinguis had teachers of modern history because of his high identity and role in Academic life both in Iraq and Arab countries, this is why we are so inferested in him while he is still alive.
He is the best and son of Mosul city which has a brilliant history and civilization .
He gave a very beautiful and brilliank picture of Mosul city through his hard and serious word on Mosul university and other Mosul cultural institutions. So he deserved such a study as a comprehensive researcher and history man who devoted his life to document the life, activity and of history Mosul city
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 61-80
Abstract: The study of remittances in Mosul at the end of the Ottoman
reign through records of the Shari’a court is a topic of considerable
importance, which has not received sufficient attention from historians
and specialized researchers. The records of the Shari’a court represent the main source for social and economic history of Mosul. This research is an attempt to clarify the nature of that remittances. We also found an extensions or expansion in remittance functions, and we will explain this expansion.
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 81-100
Mosul municipality is one of the oldest municipalities of Iraq, and it had opened almost a century and a half ago. In services sector, the municipality rendered a lot of municipal services, notably during the Ottoman era, and it contributed as much as possible in keeping the city clean, and providing services to the inhabitants. After the establishing of the Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1958) and forming the national government, this municipality had developed more and more. But it remained suffering from lack of resources and funds, until after the establishing of the republican régime..
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 101-116
Feminist theory is one of the most important modern theories in international relations that gave a new understanding and perception to the security by emphasizing the role of gender in achieving security. The situation in Mosul is a model or a case that can be studied and analyzed based on the basic assumptions presented by feminist theory, especially that the society of the Mosul city is a male society that is superior to men and marginalizes the role of women in many areas and the most important political field and economic field..
Volume 11, Issue 50, Pages 117-140
Arab and Islamic countries experienced a period of backwardness and deprivation in the wake of the fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the middle of the seventh century AH, after the domination of the foreign invading forces of the Arab and Islamic countries, including the cities of Iraq in general and the city of Mosul in particular, the period of their reign described the dark ages because of their bad governance and their ongoing conflicts, Three centuries ago, the Mongols of Tatar, the Gallerians, the Cow Quinlou, and the Aquilines began to conquer the Safavids. Although their ages were marked by destruction and ruin, in all religious, civil, cultural and urban aspects, The discovery of many antiquities and architectural artifacts, in the buildings of Mosul, Islamic and Christian, such as mihrabs, Hanaya, energies, windows and others, which are still divided to the present, thanks to the population of Mosul and its scientists.